07 June 2021
Google has agreed to make changes to its online advertising business in a settlement with the French government.
The agreement, announced Monday, requires Google to pay a $268 million fine for abusing its "dominant position" in the online advertising market.
The French Competition Authority said it had found that Google's ad management system for large publishers favored its own online ad marketplace, AdX, over competitors. AdX is a tool used by publishers to sell advertising space. French officials said AdX is built to work more effectively with the service Google Ad Manager than with other ad placement providers.
Google did not dispute the findings and said it had agreed to make changes to its advertising business as part of the settlement.
The company promised to improve the way its Ad Manager services work with competing online advertising systems. It also said it had agreed to make it easier for publishers to use its data and tools. A company statement said Google "will be testing and developing these changes over the coming months" before launching them widely.
The head of the French Competition Authority, Isabelle de Silva, said it was "the first decision in the world" to center on Google's complex ad serving system. The system uses algorithms to decide which ads users are shown.
Google's ad systems had hurt competition in the online marketplace and permitted the company "not only to maintain, but also to increase its dominant position," de Silva said.
The settlement "will make it possible to re-establish a level playing field for all players, and the ability for publishers to make the most of their advertising space," de Silva added.
The investigation began after three media groups -- U.S.-based News Corp., French newspaper group Le Figaro and Belgium press group Rossel -- launched a complaint against Google in 2019.
French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire welcomed the decision. He said Google systems that help its own ad technologies hurt press groups that depend heavily on online adverting income. "These are serious practices and they have been rightly sanctioned," Le Maire said.
Major technology companies have been facing increasing attention in Europe and other places over their business methods. Germany also launched an investigation of Google.
The German government said last week it was examining whether contracts for news publishers using a Google licensing system included "unreasonable conditions."
The European Union has accused Apple of blocking competition in online music sales. It also has accused Amazon of using information from independent businesses to unfairly compete against them with its own products. In addition to that, the EU is looking into Google's advertising systems and methods.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
The Associated Press, Reuters and Agence France-Presse reported on this story. Bryan Lynn adapted the reports for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter, Jr. was the editor.
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Words in This Story
dominant – adj. the main or most important part of something
management – n. the way in which something is carried out and controlled
algorithm – n. a set of steps that are followed in order to solve a mathematical problem or to complete a computer process
maintain – v. to make a situation or activity continue in the same way
complaint – n. a statement that something is wrong or unacceptable
sanction – n. a punishment for not obeying a rule or law
license – v. to give someone officials permission to do or have something